As Canadians, we used to have Hips and Elbows evaluated and certified
for breeding dogs at 18 months of age by Ontario Veterinary College
(OVC) or Western College of Veterinary Medicine (WCVM). Both colleges
stopped doing evaluations, leaving Canadian breeders having to look
elsewhere for evaluations.
OFA / OVC / BVA / Pennhip /FCI- are the most commonly used
certifying bodies to evaluate dogs' hips & elbows. All are
reputable, yet they all have differing ages at which they will
Glenbern dogs have been screened by a variety of the hip/elbow methodologies as described below. I provide
puppy families with paper copies of all the health screening tests
performed on parents (prior to their being used for breeding).
Below is a breakdown of the
requirements of each:
Pennhip screening includes three separate radiographs and can be
done as early as 16 weeks of age.
British Veterinary Association (BVA):
Located in England; will evaluate and certify hips and elbows on
dogs over 12 months of age.
Federation cynologique Internationale
Located in Europe; states "the minimum age for
official hip radiographs is one (1) year for most dog breeds and 18
months for large and giant breeds."
Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) / Western College of Veterinary
Canadian colleges; no longer offer certfications, but used to
evaluate and certify hips and elbows at 18 months of age. Many
Canadian dogs from earlier generations will have OVC certifications.
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA):
Located in the United States. In order to get a final clearance from
OFA, dogs must be 24 months of age. OFA will do preliminary
before 24 months of age. (OFA may post preliminary results on their
site, but will also state that dog should be re-examined at 24
months of age, in order to be 'certified'.)
Bernese Mountain Dogs